One day I was walking past a cemetery and something caught my attention. All the gravestones were equal distances. They were neatly sorted together, and they all looked the same way. The cemetery area, except for the changing plants and some landscaping work, has been in the same shape for many years.
When I realized that a cemetery was a class environment I designed for my first students (fourth grade), my heart collapsed. As a teacher, if a map of the learning area I created in the early years was drawn, it would look exactly like this cemetery. Moreover, most of today’s learning environment is the same.
These classes were suffering the trouble I called the “graveyard effect.” When you put pictures of the early 1900s and today’s classrooms together, you will notice that despite all the research and innovation in the past 100 years, there is a chilling resemblance between them. In the industrial age in which children are trained to work in factories, “ready to work” means that an employee should be ready for the work he spends hours in the day doing the same routine. And these employees usually spend their entire career in the same company. It was a good paradigm for the business world, while repeating and remembering the information in the education model “sit and listen to the lesson” is the key to the success of the same thing for everyone.
But there is no such business world in many countries around the world.
The need to redesign the learning environments of our children is not only an interesting Pinterest idea, it is now an important necessity. Students must have the time to work independently and quietly in their own fields. However, the teaching model that we have seen in many classes for a very long time did not include it. Schools and classrooms must be transformed from the Industrial Age model, student-centered, individualized and a model that leverages the power of technology.
Student Centered Areas Design
Today’s education paradigm is no longer the transfer of information, but the creation and development of knowledge. It has been more than a century for people to train in groups and to end the lessons when ringing, whereas this system is no longer suitable for today’s students. While educators strive to transition to educational pedagogies based on relationship, authentic, dynamic and even chaotic, learning areas must be re-evaluated and adapted accordingly if necessary. Pedagogical innovation requires innovation in the environment in which learning occurs. In summary, if the learning area does not conform to the desired learning pedagogy, then this situation will prevent students from learning outcomes.
Classroom Design for collaboration
If we want to provide students with university and career, or more importantly, to prepare for life, then students who can work together, have respectful rhetoric, problem solving and physical need to collaborate in virtual areas We have to make a raise. The learning environments designed for collaboration become flexible seating arrangements, have comfortable furnishings, and can be changed fast enough to make short-term work or work again. Working groups can be grouped into groups that are much larger than a handful of students within a short period of time. Such learning environments also rely on the collaborative nature of technology.
Classroom Design for self-learning
Although collaboration in classrooms is a key word, there will be no doubt that students would need to work independently and in their own fields – there would be times. Whether you work in a corner with your headphones on, whether you dive into a literary place in a quiet location, the opportunity and choice of independent work is important. For different learning types, having different learning areas maximizes students ‘ opportunities and choices.
Classroom design for research, exploration and creation
Learning areas designed for research and questioning do not emphasize a boundary between teacher and student areas; It does not have an area where we can say “in front of the class”, the students create things; It creates a special working space for repairing and designing, and it uses instructional pedagogy that pushes students to listen to and repeat the information, not to ask questions and understand. Tomorrow’s problems will be solved by students who have such opportunities.
Classroom Design for Active learning
The traditional “sit-and-listen” mentality and education model, which is based on the transfer of teachers ‘ knowledge to students instead of acquiring knowledge by experiencing students, brings learning environments with fewer movements and minimal active learning. Generally, we believe that once a week, a physical education course or a time of recess (constantly decreasing) meets the need to move. We know that the engine is a link between movement and brain development, but conventional learning environments are not designed for motor skill development activities. Students can move, jump and shake during events; Ability to run or stretch for short periods of time; They need to be able to dance to express themselves. Doing this provides brain-based learning experiences that provide blood flow and sends extra oxygen to the brain. This brings higher levels of learning.
Classroom Design for relationship development
The learning areas that enable students to develop their social skills and relationship skills can be connected to the public areas where they can meet informally in the classroom areas, students and educational staff. These fields can be used for small group lessons or interactions at a time of the course. Before school, between classes and after school, these areas are places where class discussions continue, social skills are developed and informal interactions occur.
If we are to adopt a more individualized approach to our students by changing our educational pedagogy, then we must change the fields that our students have learned simultaneously. Redesigning learning areas doesn’t mean creating very fancy classes inspired by Pinterest. The main issue is to better meet the needs of today’s modern students so that they have every opportunity in the world of tomorrow.